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Thursday, January 24, 2019

WHO report about road accident

The WHO report highlights the inadequate progress in dealing with the lack of security on the world's roads.

WHO report about road accident
Highway 

A new report from the World Health Organization (WHO) states that deaths in road traffic are increasing with 1.35 million deaths annually. The WHO Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018 highlights the fact that road traffic infections are now a major killer of children and youth of 5-29 years of age.

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"These deaths are an unacceptable value to pay for mobility," said WHO Director General, Dr. Tadros Adnom Grabius said. "There is no excuse for inaction. This is a problem with proven solutions. This report is a call for governments and partners to take maximum action to implement these measures. "

The WHO Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018 documents states that despite the overall increase in the number of deaths, the rate of mortality relative to the size of the population of the world has been stagnant in recent years. This shows that existing road safety efforts have reduced the situation in some middle and high income countries.

"Road safety is an issue that is not received anywhere, though it is worth mentioning - and it is actually one of our great opportunities to save lives around the world," said Michael R. Bloomberg, Bloomberg Philanthropy and WHO Global Ambassador's founder and CEO said non-communicable diseases and injury "We know which interventions work. Strong policies and enforcement, smart road design and powerful public awareness campaigns can save millions of lives in the coming decades. "

Where progress has been made in the setting, it has been attributed mainly to the major risks such as fast speed, driving and drinking and seat belt, motorcycle helmets and child failures; Secure infrastructure like pavement and dedicated lanes for cyclists and motorcycle drivers; Improvement of vehicle standards such as electronic stability control and advanced braking are mandatory; And enhanced care after the accident.

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It has been said in the report that these measures have reduced the number of road traffic deaths in 48 medium and high income countries. However, even a low income country has not demonstrated a lack of overall deaths on a large scale, because there is a shortage of these measures.

In fact, compared to high-income countries, the risk of death of road traffic is three times higher in low-income countries. Africa has the highest rate (26.6 per 100 000 population) and the lowest in Europe (9.3 per 100 population). On the other hand, since the previous version of the report, three areas of the world have witnessed a decline in road traffic mortality: America, Europe and the Western Pacific.

Road traffic deaths are reflected by different types of road users. Globally, pedestrians and cyclists account for 26% of all road traffic deaths, which are 44% in Africa and 36% in the eastern Mediterranean. Motorcycle riders and passenger are 28% of all road traffic deaths, but the ratio is high in some areas, e.g. 43% in Southeast Asia and 36% in the Western Pacific.

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Global Status Report on WHO's road safety is issued every two to three years, and works as a major monitoring tool for the decisive action for road safety 2011-2020.

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WHO report about road accident
Car Accident

Other findings of the Global Position Report on road safety 2018, compared to the previous report in the series released in 2015 include:

  • 22 additional countries revised their laws on one or more risk factors and brought them to the best practice to cover more than 1 billion people.
  • In 46 countries representing 3 billion people, there are laws that define the speed limit that align with the best practice.
  • In 45 countries representing 2.3 billion people, there are currently drink-driving laws that align with the best practice.
  • In 49 countries representing 2.7 billion people, there are currently laws on the use of motorcycle helmets that align with best practice.
  • In 105 countries representing 5.3 billion people, there are currently laws on the use of seat belts that align with best practice.
  • 33 countries representing 652 million people, currently there are laws on the use of child restraint systems that align with the best practice.
  • At present 114 countries operate some systematic evaluation or star rating of existing roads;
  • Only 40 countries representing 1 billion people have implemented at least 7 or all 8 priority United Nations vehicle safety standards.
  • More than half the countries (62%) have a telephone number with full country coverage to activate the emergency care system.
  • In 55% of countries, pre-hospital care providers are a formal process of training and certifying.

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