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Wednesday, December 26, 2018

Babies health news

30 million newborn babies shout for help

An estimated 30 million newborns require specialized care in hospital every  year without which many either die or develop preventable health conditions and disabilities that affect them for life, according  to a recent study by a global coalition that includes UNICEF and WHO.

The report urges countries to invest in healthcare to prevent neonatal deaths among the most vulnerable newborns – the small and the sick. It points out that nearly 2.5 million newborns died during the first 28 days of life in 2017, of which approximately 80% had low birth weight and more than 65% were born prematurely. An additional 1.5 million small and sick newborns survive each year, with a long-term disability, including cerebral palsy and cognitive delays.

According to and earlier study by UNICEF, India witnesses 25.4 newborn deaths per 1,000 births and .64 million newborn deaths annually. The Sustainable Development goal for neonatal deaths requires all countries to bring down the figure to 12 deaths or less per 1,000 births by 2030.

The study, survive and thrive: Transforming care for every small and sick newborn, was released earlier this month. It underlines that universal  access to quality care could prevent 1.7 million neonatal deaths, or 68% of the deaths that will otherwise occur in 2030.

As many as 2.9 million women, stillbirths and newborns can be saved during 2030 in 81 high-burden countries if there are interventions for both mother  and newborn at the same time, at the same place, by the same healthcare provider. Low and middle income countries will be able to avert  two out of every three neonatal deaths by 2030 if they increase their investment by $0.20 per capital. It calls upon countries to provide round-the clock inpatient care for newborns seven days a week and invest in training health workers, dedicated equipment and infrastructure. It also suggests that countries count and tack every small and sick newborn for better growth monitoring.


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